The baseline forecast is for global growth to slow from 3.5 percent in 2022 to 3.0 percent in 2023 and 2.9 percent in 2024, well below the historical (2000–19) average of 3.8 percent. Advanced economies are expected to slow from 2.6 percent in 2022 to 1.5 percent in 2023 and 1.4 percent in 2024 as policy tightening starts to bite, IMF’s World Economic Outlook Projections indicated.
According to the outlook projection, emerging markets and developing economies are projected to have a modest decline in growth from 4.1 percent in 2022 to 4.0 percent in both 2023 and 2024.
Global inflation is forecast to decline steadily, from 8.7 percent in 2022 to 6.9 percent in 2023 and 5.8 percent in 2024, due to tighter monetary policy aided by lower international commodity prices.
It is stated that core inflation is generally projected to decline more gradually, and inflation is not expected to return to the target until 2025 in most cases.
Monetary policy actions and frameworks are key at the current juncture to keep inflation expectations anchored, according to IMF.